In the name of Allaah, the Most-Merciful, the All-Compassionate
Some Things To Do In Ramadaan
The pious servants of Allaah will welcome this blessed month, awakening from their negligence, beseeching Allaahâ€™s pardon, and repenting to Him. They will take a very pledge that they are, with immense pleasure, going to fully utilize this blessed month of Ramadaan with all of its mercies and the bliss that it brings. Moreover, they will spend their precious time worshipping Allaah, increasing their righteousness and good deeds. Thus, this month is meritorious for special pious deeds in which there are surely many virtues.
1. Read Quraan
The blessed month of Ramadaan is the month in which the Qurâ€™aan was revealed. Thus, this blessed month of Ramadaan is even more special in relation to the Qurâ€™aan, because Allaah distinguished it by revealing the Qurâ€™aan during it. Aside from recitation of the Qurâ€™aan, learning the translation of the meaning, pondering over its Verses are also recommended and encouraged acts.
Narrated Ibn Masâ€™ood (may Allaah be pleased with him): The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, â€œWhoever reads a single letter from Allaahâ€™s book will receive a blessing and each blessing is worth ten times its value.â€�
One should make as much Dua for himself, family and the Muslim Ummah as much as he can during Ramadaan. Narrated Anas (may Allaah be pleased with him): The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “None of you will have faith till he wishes for his (Muslim) brother what he likes for himself.”
Umm Darda’ reported: My husband reported that he heard Allaah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: â€œHe who supplicates for his brother behind his back (in his absence), the Angel commissioned (for carrying supplication to his Lord) says: Ameen, and it is for you also.â€�
3. Family ties
Ramadaan is a time where a person who may have problems or disagreements between his family members should clear them. There is great reward for one who upholds kinship.
Narrated Anas bin Maalik (may Allaah be pleased with him): Allaah ‘s Apostle (peace be upon him) said, “Whoever loves that he be granted more wealth and that his lease of life be prolonged then he should keep good relations with his Kith and kin.”
4. Praying Qiyaam / Taraweeh/ Tahajjud (the Night Prayer)
Narrated Aboo Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him): I heard Allaah’s Apostle (peace be upon him) saying regarding “Whoever prayed at night in it (the month of Ramadan) out of sincere Faith and hoping for a reward from Allaah, then all his previous sins will be forgiven.”, 
Please note: Thereâ€™s a trend (especially with the youth), of not praying the whole day, except Taraweeh. This is very odd and it would be like someone working over time, but not working during the normal time!! I.e. how can you have any benefit from voluntary actions, if you are not doing the obligatory?
6. Nawafil / Voluntary Prayers
At-tatawwu’, or nawafil or supererogatory prayers, have been legislated to make up for any deficiencies left in the performance of fardh Salah (obligatory prayers). In Salah, there are virtues that are not found in any other form of worship.
Narrated Aboo Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him): The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: â€œThe first of his deeds for which a person will be brought to account on the Day of Resurrection will be his prayer. If it is sound then he will have succeeded but if it is not sound then he will be lost and doomed. If anything is lacking from his obligatory prayers, the Lord will say: â€˜Look and see whether My slave has any voluntary (prayers),â€™ and the shortfall from his obligatory prayers will be made up from that. Then all his deeds will be dealt with in like manner.â€�
7. Duha Prayer
The Duha Prayer is a voluntary Salah prayer between the time after (i.e. Dawn) and the time before the Dhuhr prayer (i.e. forenoon). Ishraq, Salat â€“ ul Awwabin (prayer of the penitent) and Duha are different Names for the same prayer. The minimum Rakâ€™ahs for Duha prayer are two and the maximum are twelve. The preferable amount among them is four, which is supported and approved by the ahadith of the Prophet (peace be upon him). It may also be remembered that this Salah was a tradition of the previous Messengers and they used to perform it during their times. Hence this prayer is Sunnah and Mustahab (desirable).
8. Sitting in the Mosque Until Sunrise
Anas (may Allaah be pleased with him) said that he heard the Prophet (peace be upon him) say: “That I sit with people remembering Almighty Allaah from the morning (Fajr) prayer until sunrise is more beloved to me than freeing four slaves from among the Children of Isma’il. That I sit with people remembering Allaah from the afternoon (‘Asr) prayer until the sun sets is more beloved to me than freeing four slaves from among the Children of Isma’il.”
9. Make Dhikr Of Allaah
Allaah, the Most High, said in the Qurâ€™aan, â€œO you who believe! Remember AllÃ¢h with much remembrance.â€�
And He, the Most High, also said: â€œAnd remember your Lord by your tongue and within yourself, humbly and with fear without loudness in words in the mornings, and in the afternoons and be not of those who are neglectful.â€�
Narrated Aboo Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him): The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “Whoever established prayers on the night of Qadr out of sincere faith and hoping for a reward from Allaah, then all his previous sins will be forgiven; and whoever fasts in the month of Ramadan out of sincere faith, and hoping for a reward from Allaah, then all his previous sins will be forgiven.”
Narrated â€˜Aaâ€™ishah (may Allaah be pleased with him): The Prophet (peace be upon him) used to practice Itikaf in the last ten days of Ramadan till he died and then his wives used to practice Itikaf after him.
12. Not Missing the Witr Salah
â€œWitrâ€� literally means odd number. Witr has two different meanings in the Sunnah: The last one or three Rakâ€™ahs of the night prayer, or it means all of the night prayers (because in essence they are odd â€“ numbered). This discussion refers to the former meaning. We learn from the following hadith that Witr is not obligatory but desirable. But it would not be correct to show any slackness in performing it because every Muslim should do his best to follow the Sunnah of the Prophet (peace be upon him).
13. Giving Charity
AllÃ¢h, the Most High, says in His Noble Book: â€œO you who believe! Spend of that with which We have provided for you, before a Day comes when there will be no bargaining, nor friendship, nor intercession. And it is the disbelievers who are the Wrongdoers.â€�
14. Providing for one to open the fast
The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: â€œWhoever gives food to a fasting person with which to break his fast, will have a reward equal to his, without it detracting in the slightest from the reward of the fasting person.â€�
15. Be Consistent and Moderate
Itâ€™s very easy to have a sudden burst of energy and do a lot in one day and then not do anything during the rest of the month (due to tiredness). Itâ€™s Sunnah to be moderate and consistent. Donâ€™t over burden yourself, and donâ€™t look at what others are doing. You should do what you can to your ability (and properly) and be constant with those deeds.
Oh Allaah allow us to make the most of Ramadaan. Oh Allaah, let us meet you with a clean heart, with all our sins erased. Oh Allaah grant us mercy, and make us from those that you have freed from hell fire. Oh Allaah allow us to be from those that you enter in heaven.
And It is Only Allaah Who grants success. May Allaah Exalt the mention of His slave and Messenger Muhammad (peace be upon him), and render him, his household and companion safe from Evil.